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Flood Preparedness

Flood is a natural disaster that is given attention because it threatens the lives and economy of the people of this country. According to a study by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), floods are the third major natural disaster that has cost many lives and damaged property. The flood problem in this country caused by monsoon floods and flash floods will continue despite various structural and non-structural measures implemented by the government to reduce its effects. With the increase in population and development concentrated in river basins and valleys that are easily flooded, flooding is very difficult to avoid. The frequency of floods has increased due to changes in land use where drainage systems in low-lying areas are unable to drain heavy rain and drainage systems that experience sedimentation due to development.

In the past decade, the country has experienced several major floods. Although the area of ​​the flooded area that has been flooded is about 29,000 square km or 9% of the country's area, more than 2.7 million people, 18% of the country's total population, are involved in the floods. The amount of damage caused by floods was estimated at RM 100 million according to a JICA study in 1981. The government has taken proactive steps in dealing with the problem of flood disasters such as the establishment of a supervisory body, the implementation of flood mitigation projects, the implementation of non-structural measures with the establishment of flood forecasting and warning systems for the main river basins that are often affected by floods and also the integrated management of river basins to reduce the loss of property and life due to floods.
As members of the public, we have a role to play in preparing for the threat of flooding by acting early. The following is an excerpt from the Disaster Prevention Guide published by the Civil Defense Department as well as easy-to-understand cartoon pictures to make:

Before the Flood

  • Get information about flooding in your area.

  • Ensure the flood warning system, how it is delivered and local flood preparedness information.

  • Check the water hole whether it is a drain or a sewer. Clear the barriers and make sure they are sealed tightly so that floodwaters do not overflow through them.

  • Make sure evacuation centers and disaster relief centers are in place, make emergency evacuation plans and drills.

  • Prepare Emergency Equipment.

  • Make sure all members of your family know how to act during an emergency at home.

Before the Flood - During the Signs Detected

  • Listen to the announcement on the radio.

  • Fill a barrel, container, sink or bathtub with clean water, during a flood the water may become dirty.

  • Bring in outdoor furniture or appliances.

  • Keep important documents in a safe place or carry them with you in a waterproof container.

  • Be prepared to close the electrical switch, the main valve of the water and gas supply.

  • Notify your neighbors and prepare to evacuate.

During the Flood - Inside the House

  • Listen to the announcement on the radio.

  • Be prepared with emergency equipment.

  • If directed to get out and move, do so immediately.

During the Flood - Outdoors

  • Go to a high and safe place.

  • Avoid going through flooded areas, strong currents can wash you away.

  • Don't accidentally go for a walk in a flooded area either by boat or on foot.

  • Do not touch any fallen cables or wires.

  • Supervise children, do not let them play in drains, rivers or mines.

  • Do not drink flood water.

During the Flood - Inside the Vehicle

  • Do not continue through the flooded area, turn back.

  • If your vehicle stalls, lock your vehicle and leave it, go to a safe place.

During Flooding - During Evacuation

  • Upon receiving instructions, move immediately.

  • Evacuate early before the flood waters rise or during the day, it is easier and safer.

  • Follow the designated route, short cuts may be blocked.

After the Flood

  • Listen to radio announcements or wait for instructions from the authorities, do not return home before permission or until it is absolutely safe.

  • Give help to your neighbors or people with disabilities (Elderly, children or disabled people).

  • Inspect your home for signs of cracks or deposits that may be unsafe.

  • Do not continue to enter the house that is still flooded, be careful of many hidden dangers.

After the Flood - When Entering the Building

  • Wear shoes.

  • Check for damage to walls, floors, doors and windows.

  • Check for any signs of the presence of poisonous and dangerous animals or insects. Use wood to remove any obstacles that are cluttering the floor of your house.

  • Attention ceiling and wall plaster that may crack, melt and fall.

After the Flood - Check for Hazard Threats

  • Check the gas line pipes that may be broken or leaking.

  • Check for electrical wires submerged in water.

  • Check for submerged electrical equipment.

  • Check for flammable materials that may flow in during flooding (kerosene, gasoline, diesel, etc.).

  • Throw away food items that are submerged or affected by flood water including canned food.

  • Inspect the septic tank for damage to avoid biological hazards.

  • Report any damage to public facilities to the authorities

Terengganu State Irrigation and Drainage Department, Level 6, Wisma Negeri, 20626 Kuala Terengganu

No. Tel  : 09 - 6220050 | 09-6233008
Email :

Disclaimer:- Terengganu State Irrigation and Drainage Department will not be responsible for any damage caused by the use of any information on this website.


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